Forensic Blood Analysis

Detecting and identifying body fluids at crimes scenes provide critical information regarding the event that might have taken place and the individuals who were involved. The location and presence of body fluids, along with the DNA profile obtained, can provide police agencies with an abundance of critical information to help with their investigations.

Unfortunately, the body fluid analysis process can often take a long time. Visualisation technique might be used at the scene of the incident in order to locate body fluids initially, for example using alternative light sources (ALS). It uses various wavelengths of light in order to visualise things such as stains that would otherwise be ambiguous or invisible, and some are even able to show stains that have been covered up with paint or wiped clean. However, using alternative light sources doesn’t usually allow for the differentiation between various body fluids. After potential biofluids are found in-situ, there may be presumptive tests conducted in order to identify possible stains, and after a sample has been collected DNA analysis and confirmatory analysis will often be performed. Unfortunately, there isn’t one single method that is used for analysing all body fluids, and it might be necessary to use multiple techniques as well as a drum pump depending on what kind of biofluid it is.

Types of Blood Analyses

The most common type of body fluid found at crime scenes that is of interest is undoubtedly blood. Blood is mainly comprised of blood cells and water, along with many metabolites, glucose, hormones, minerals and proteins. Due to blood being obviously important in forensic contexts, various tests have been developed for identifying blood. Presumptive tests might be used initially at a crime scene is order to established whether or not a suspicious stain actually is blood. The presumptive test which is most well-known is perhaps Luminol. It results in the blood having a distinctive blue luminescence, which is based on haemoglobin oxidizing the blood. Fluorescein is another similar test done on the basis of fluorescin being heme-accelerated oxidized into fluorescein, although an alternative light source is required for visualising the change. Phenolphthalein is another well-known presumptive blood test, which is also referred to as Kastle-Meyer. An alkaline solution takes on a pink colour when blood is present. Another very popular presumptive test is Leucomalachite green (LMG), which results in a distinctive change to a green colour when there is heme present in the blood. Along with all of these tests, there are several other immunological blood tests as well that are commercially available, including HemaTrace, ABAcard, and Heme Select. There appears to be an endless amount of presumptive tests that are available for detecting blood, and there are various techniques that may be used in different countries as well as between different police forces. The tests, however, are only presumptive, as suggested by the name, and additional analysis might be necessary in order to confirm a suspected bodily fluid’s identity.

Other Types of Blood Analyses

There is an antibody-based method …

The David Vs Goliath Of The Eyeglass Industry

As it stands right now, the eyeglass industry is a lot like the banking industry in the early 2000’s after the Glass-Steagall act was repealed. It was a law that, among other things, prohibited banks from merging and becoming giant conglomerates. And what happened immediately after it was repealed? Tons of mergers that led to the creation of megabanks like Citibank. Well it’s the same in the eyeglass industry. Let’s just say it’s not a particularly well regulated industry.

Let’s put it in perspective: out of roughly 35,000 companies in the vision industry, ten of them hold roughly 40% of the market share. And then there’s also the fact that the top ten are also very big conglomerates that are heavily vertically integrated. The typical conglomerate in this industry owns the manufacturer, the store brands, the eyeglass brands and licences, and even in some cases the insurer. Take for example Luxottica, the company owns America’s second largest vision insurer!

The Impact It Has On Your Glasses

For more people, the fact that the industry is structured the way that it is, is a huge nuisance. More than half of Americans spend between $200 and $500 per pair of glasses and it’s ridiculous. This is happening because the average person doesn’t know that there are less expensive alternatives. They think they have no choice but to pay these kinds of prices. That’s what happens when every eyeglass store in the vicinity is owned by the same parent company and there is no price competition.

If You Know Where To Look, You’ll Find Glasses For $40

What the average person doesn’t know is that they have no obligation to pay ridiculous prices for their glasses. There is a small number of companies out there whose mission is to provide a high quality pair at a fair price. One such example is Payne Glasses. They don’t sell a single pair of glasses above $40! They don’t just sell regular glasses either. Payne offers high-index lenses as well as photochromic blue blocking lenses as options.



step for success business conceptThe word gamification has sprung up and grown like a mushroom over the last few years. One piece of research has it as number 3 in the top 8 trends for 2018. But what exactly is it and more importantly for those leading, managing and owning businesses what is the value of using games to tackle organisational and business problems?

Wikipedia discusses the subject extensively, saying “Gamification commonly employs game design elements to improve user engagement…”. Another site offers comments on the G-word that are less than favourable.“Gamification is marketing bullshit, invented by consultants as a means to capture the wild, coveted beast that is videogames and to domesticate it for use in the grey, hopeless wasteland of big business where bullshit already reigns anyway.”

The article continues “The rhetorical power of the word ‘gamification’ is enormous. And it does precisely what the bullshitters want: it takes games – a mysterious, magical powerful medium that has captured the attention of millions of people – and it makes them accessible in the context of contemporary business.”

At this point you might conclude that Gamification is a very powerful tool invented and used by consultants with something slippery and perhaps pointless about its application. Is there more?

Looking for enlightenment Harry G Frankhurt who taught at Princeton University from 1990 to 2002 and went on to be Professor Emeritus has an article On Bullshit.. He defines bullshit as “speech intended to persuade without regard for truth”. He continues “the liar cares about the truth and attempts to hide it: the bullshitter doesn’t care if what they say is true or false, but rather only cares whether or not their listener is persuaded”.

Does that mean that games and simulation should be discarded? Those who create them are certainly looking to take a real issue and “make a game of it”. Luckily, the Frankfurt text implies a willingness to deceive and a desire to convince without any concern for truth. This is not true for most of those involved in designing games and simulations. While the objective of the game or simulation will vary in all cases the final objective is the driver, game elements are the means to achieve it, and there is no intention to deceive.

This said there is an aspect post game, let me call it, “de-gamification”. This is the stage where participants are encouraged to reflect on the in-game lessons and consider to what degree they can be applied back in their everyday world.

There are obstacles that make the de-gamification process hard. “Game” has strong connotations of “not real’ and ‘played for fun’. The connotation of ‘played to learn’ is weaker. Indeed it can be hard to decide what is a game and what is not. A famous quote from Bill Shankly runs:“Some people think football is a matter of life and death. I don’t like that attitude. I can assure them it’s much more serious than that”.

The humour obscures the fact that football is …

Check Out These 4 Advantages of Online Learning

If you wish to attend an institution to receive an education, then you can easily spend thousands of pounds. Not only that, but you might not be able to study what you want. This is due to things such as course shortages, budget cuts and overcrowded classrooms.

More and more people are opting for online degree programmes. Such programmes have been a game changer and now people can take advantage of many opportunities. With that said, we are going to talk about the four advantages of online learning. These advantages include:

1. Comfort

Who wants to go to a class and study for hours on end, while sitting down in a chair that isn’t comfortable? Who wants to leave a class with back pains? Nobody does.

This is why you should choose an online education. All classes and materials are delivered via an online platform, which means you can access them with ease and from your home. You don’t have to rely on public transportation, nor spend money on filling up your car with petrol.

You also don’t have to get up early to prepare to go to class. No more getting dressed in a rush. These are only a handful of the conveniences you get to enjoy with online learning.

2. Learn Whatever You Want

You can choose the program of your dreams in both traditional education and online. However, with an online education, you won’t have to travel and you can learn in the comfort of your own home. You can take just about any course or program that is offered in universities.

For instance, you might be interested in studying about massage therapy. All you have to do is go to Google and perform a quick search for massage courses. After you do this, you’ll be shown many programs that are offered by universities from around the globe, and many of the universities will be very well-known.

Even if you don’t want to use a specific study to use in your career, you can still undertake a course just to squash your curiosity or if you’re just interested in learning new things. When it comes to online programs, you have no shortage of options. It doesn’t matter where you’re currently living or what you wish to study, the chances are you can easily find a degree program or a course that you can enrol into. Instead of going to an institution, you can study from anywhere you wish.

3. Learn At Your Own Pace

You can complete course targets at your leisure and you can choose to follow a curriculum that offers a flexible schedule that works for you and your lifestyle. This type of education doesn’t require you to attend live sessions and you can access course materials at your convenience. If you work, you don’t have to take time off because you can study whenever you want. This is one of the reasons online programmes are becoming more popular.

4. Inexpensive

When compared …

All Medical Professionals Need Professional Packaging


Local Packaging Companies

The first thing you can do is search for local companies that specialize in packaging. However, these companies must know how medical packaging is done, especially when it comes to certain medical items being shipped separately. Every city has at least one shipping company, if not more, so it should not be difficult to find shipping companies in your area.

Online Searching

Another thing you can do is search for packaging companies online, but it is important that the company you choose engages in shipping medical supplies on a regular basis. This company should also have great reviews, too. A great example is the Ten-Epackaging company. This company is unique because it solely ships medical supplies. Additionally, this company uses the best equipment available to ship all their medical supplies, and they have great low prices, too. This company is considered trustworthy because it has been working for the government for many years.

When people need to ship medical supplies, they are literally putting the lives of people in their hands. There are patients who are in need of certain materials, but these materials must be shipped in a special fashion. Any error and the materials will be sent back to the sender, so it is extremely important that you choose the perfect packaging company. This is even truer if you have a lot of clients throughout the country.


After Oral Surgery

During the recovery time after oral surgery, there are a few things that you need to remember so that there aren’t any setbacks. It usually takes a few days to get back to eating the foods that you want and not to experience a significant amount of pain depending on the type of surgery that you have done. Common oral surgery procedures include wisdom teeth removal and dental implants. There are sometimes things that need to be done before the process is completed. An example would be preparing the jawbone for dental implants, which can take a few weeks to a few months depending on how fast your mouth heals.

A dentist Wheeling IL office will give you instructions about what you can eat and what you should avoid eating after your surgery. You might have to put gauze in your mouth to help control any bleeding and to ensure that the area isn’t injured until it heals. Someone will need to drive you home after oral surgery because there will likely be some kind of sedation used for the procedure. Someone should stay with you for the first few hours you’re at home to monitor you for any bleeding that might occur or any other issues. Avoid sleeping with your head flat because blood and saliva can quickly drain down your throat. Take all of the antibiotics that you’re given. Use pain medication if needed. An option for pain relief is to alternate cold and hot packs on the affected area of your mouth. This also helps with swelling. Eat soft foods for the first few days after oral surgery, and don’t drink anything using a straw because the suction could dislodge a blood clot that has formed in the mouth, resulting in bleeding that is hard to control without stitches.


The Many Benefits of Following a Healthy Eating Plan

With over half of Americans being overweight these days, weight loss and healthy eating are huge topics almost everywhere you go. However, everyone seems to have a different idea of how weight loss should occur and how healthy eating should look. Some espouse supplements while others swear by cutting out a food group. Still others say that calorie counting is the way to go, and many say that a food diary has been the best thing for them. One thing that is evident in most of these methods, however, is the use of a healthy eating plan. If you are wondering whether it is best to follow a concrete plan for weight loss or to wing it, here is a short list of some of the amazing benefits of the more structured lifestyle.

More Weight Is Lost

The value of structured eating plans was studied in the U.S. back in the 1990s. In that study, it was clearly shown that the individuals following a healthy eating plan lost far more weight than their cohorts did. The study also showed that almost twice as much weight was kept off in the long-term in individuals who had followed the structured eating plan.

Meals Plans Lead to Healthier Eating

When you have a plan to work from, you can know which foods are deemed healthy, and you will have nutritious, balanced meals. This will help you say “no” to foods with empty calories or with high amounts of unhealthy fats. You will no longer have to worry about what snack you are going to have at night or what you are going to eat at work because all of the planning will be done for you.

Portion Control Is Easier

By following your plan, you will know exactly how many servings are in the meal that you prepare. This will keep you from overeating no matter where you are or how large your plate is. Structured meal plans choose your calories specifically for your weight and your weight loss goals.

It Is Easier to Shop

When following a plan, you can make a list of the foods that you need from the grocery store or farmer’s market for the week and get all of your shopping done in one day. That can help you save exponential amounts of money as you do not have to race around town several times per week to get to the grocery store nor will you have to be tempted by unhealthy food items. If the item is not on your list, you simply do not purchase it. For diet plans visit ThinCo to help you prep a healthy shopping list.

Regular Snacks and Meals Are Encouraged

Many people have bad eating habits when they are trying to lose weight. They may skip breakfast or another meal in the day in order to save up calories for a huge dinner. Others may eat three big meals but forego snacks, thus feeling hungry and grumpy during the mid-morning and …

Benefits Of A Questionable Drug

If you have been keeping up with any healthcare news, then you’ve probably heard all of the debates about medical marijuana and whether it should be legalized or not. While there are some people who are unsure of the benefits and disadvantages, there are also those who understand that Chicago medicinal marijuana, as well as products that you can get from other cities, offers quite a few benefits for the body. There are also other benefits offered by medical marijuana that aren’t as widely known as others.

If you have a dog that is in pain or that is going through cancer treatments, then consider using medical marijuana to soothe any pain associated with the treatments. It can also be used to help with pain from arthritis in older dogs and in humans. Instead of taking medications to enhance the sexual libido, try using medical marijuana.

Many people who have cancer use medical marijuana to help with pain after chemotherapy and radiation treatments. They also use it to increase the appetite so that they can maintain their strength while fighting the disease. This type of marijuana can sometimes delay the onset of Alzheimer’s in some people. It can be taken to ease nightmares, offering a good night’s sleep. This is a benefit for those who work through the night or those who have trouble sleeping because of insomnia. Medical marijuana is often used to treat seizure activity in adults and children. However, the oils are often used when children are concerned because only the chemical in the oil is needed to control things like seizures and pain. Medical marijuana has a calming impact on the body, which can help with depression and anxiety for many people. While the drug is not legal in all states, there are numerous states that are looking into legalizing at least the medical strengths so that more people can enjoy its benefits instead of using prescription drugs.…

A History and Analysis of Waiakea Water

Consumers have thousands of different bottled waters to choose from. The water industry has grown significantly in just over a decade. People who purchase bottled water already know that not all water is the same. Everyone has their own favorite water brands, whether it’s due to the nutritional benefits or maybe they are just drawn to the packaging.

One brand of bottled water is working hard to show exactly why all water isn’t created equal. That brand is Waiakea, natural mineral water from Hawaii.

There are several things that set Waiakea water apart from all other brands of water;

Waiakea Water pH Value

Ordinary water has a pH value of 7; Waiakea water’s pH value is around 8.8. There is nothing to fear with the strange value here. The water in Waiakea’s bottles is filtered through natural rock formations, leaving behind a variety of different healthy minerals. Normal water has a pH value of 7 because it is pure water with no added minerals. The pH value may be a little odd, but there is nothing unhealthy about Waiakea water pH value.

Volcanic Filtering

One of the most bizarre things that set Waiakea apart from other brands is its filtration process. Waiakea is a Hawaii volcanic water, meaning it is spring water that flows natural through volcanic rock formations. It is the only Hawaii volcanic water of its type, meaning there is no competition. If you want water that is filtered through volcanic rock and contains healthy minerals, Waiakea Water is the only option.

The filtration process is the only source of minerals in Waiakea water. Nothing is added to Waiakea’s water that doesn’t naturally occur in Hawaii’s volcanic springs.

All of the water is taken from Mauna Loa, which means “Long Mountain” in Hawaiian. The water flowing around this volcano is constantly in motion due to the area’s heavy rainfall: it rains a majority of the year here. This creates one of the freshest springs in the world, and the water is never stagnant.

The Packaging

It isn’t only the water that is unique with the Waiakea brand. The bottle is miles ahead of their competition as well. Not only does the bottle look stylish and light, it is also good for the environment. It can take up to a thousand years for normal bottles to degrade in our Earth’s oceans; Waiakea’s bottles degrade in only a tiny fraction of the time.

Health Benefits

Waiakea water is even better for your health than normal waters. Waiakea, in addition to being a spring water, is also an alkaline water. Alkaline water is known to neutralize stomach acid. This means Waiakea water is a natural detourant of acid reflux.

The Journal of the International Society of Sports Medicine have backed up this claim. In 2010, a study was published confirming that improving the acid-base balance in the human body also resulted in better hydration.

About Ryan Emmons

Ryan Emmons is the founder of Waiakea Water. In just one year, Ryan …

Get the best PT Courses by Origym

Are you looking for a new job that’s exciting and also quite lucrative from a financial standpoint? Then a very good idea would be to give personal training a shot. But do you have what it takes to be a personal trainer? In this article, we will focus on finding our why you should become a personal trainer and how you should do it. The PT Courses by Origym might be able to help you with this!

Why should you become a personal trainer?

For starters, a personal training job enables you to help people. It allows you to show everyone that they can stay fit and slim without any major hassle. In addition, it’s the best method you can use to connect with new people, lift their confidence levels and so on. This way you can become a mentor and a true professional for those persons.

It’s also a great career too. In fact, the return on investment can be nothing short of amazing, as you can earn $60000 or sometimes even more. There’s a huge demand for personal trainers, and people are always looking to improve their looks and feel better. And you can help them do that, while also making a living from that.

In addition, you get to be independent, as you can choose who you want to work with and when. It’s a lot better than going to a 9-5 job, and the return on investment can be an extraordinary one. Plus, you get to become a fitness expert, and you will stay in shape too. So, it’s a great opportunity to take things to the next level!

How can you become a personal trainer? The PT Courses by Origym can help you!

The best thing you can do in this regard is to enter the PT Courses by Origym. These are some of the best personal trainer courses on the market, and they will help you boost your business to new heights fast and easy. Not only do you learn the ins and outs of becoming a personal trainer, but you are also accessing a guaranteed interview for a job post-course. So yes, once you take the PT Courses by Origym, you get to have a tremendous return on investment. And if you’re lucky, you can have a job without having to look left and right for one.

Also, the PT Courses by Origym are very affordable, and you get to learn how to become a stellar personal trainer from people with a lot of experience in the industry. Gone are the days when you tried to find a good job without any avail. The PT Courses by Origym are here to help you achieve all those goals quickly and with great success. All you have to do is to contact us and let us know what we can do to assist.

Start your personal training journey today. Embrace the fitness world and start doing what you love. Start the PT Courses by …